Eliglustat treats a rare condition called Gaucher disease type 1. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with this medication. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.
Eliglustat is a prescription medication used for long-term treatment of adults with Gaucher disease type 1, which is an inherited enzyme deficiency that can affect most of the body’s organs and tissues.
Eliglustat is a glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor. It works by replacing the enzyme that is not naturally produced by the body in Gaucher disease.
This medication comes in oral capsule form and is take one to two times a day, with or without food. Do not chew, divide, or break eliglustat capsules. Swallow the capsules whole.
Common side effects of eliglustate include fatigue, headache, nausea, diarrhea, back pain, pain in the extremities, and upper abdominal pain. Eliglustat can also cause dizziness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how eliglustat affects you.
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Eliglustat Cautionary Labels
Uses of Eliglustat
Eliglustat is a prescription medication used for long-term treatment of adults with Gaucher disease type 1, depending on their CYP2D6 metabolizer status. A CYP2D6 genotype test is required before therapy is initiated.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Eliglustat Brand Names
Eliglustat may be found in some form under the following brand names:
Eliglustat Drug Class
Eliglustat is part of the drug class:
Side Effects of Eliglustat
Serious side effects have been reported with eliglustat. See the “Eliglustat Precautions” section.
Common side effects of eliglustat include fatigue, headache, nausea, diarrhea, back pain, pain in the extremities, and upper abdominal pain.
This is not a complete list of eliglustat side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- CYP2D6 inhibitors such as paroxetine (Paxil), terbinafine (Lamisil), ketoconazole (Nizoral), or fluconazole (Diflucan)
- CYP3A4 inhibitors such as ranitidine (Zantac)
- CYP3A4 inducers such as rifampin (Rifadin), carbamazepine (Tegretol, Carbatrol), phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek), and St. John’s Wort.
- CYP2D6 substrates such as metoprolol (Toprol), tricyclic antidepressants including nortriptyline (Pamelor), amitriptyline, and imipramine (Tofranil), perphenazine, and chlorpromazine
This is not a complete list of eliglustat drug interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Eliglustat has the potential to cause cardiac arrhythmias and increased ECG intervals.
Do not take eliglustat if you:
- are allergic eliglustat or to any of its ingredients
- have pre-existing cardiac disease or long QT syndrome
- are taking drugs that are strong inhibitors of CYP3A4
Eliglustat Food Interactions
Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with eliglustat and lead to potentially dangerous effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.
Before taking eliglustat, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:
- are allergic to eliglustat or to any of its ingredients
- have or have had cardiac disease
- have liver problems
- have kidney problems
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Eliglustat and Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.
Eliglustat falls into category C. In animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication and had some babies born with problems. No well-controlled studies have been done in humans. Therefore, this medication may be used if the potential benefits to the mother outweigh the potential risks to the unborn child.
Eliglustat and Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
It is not known if eliglustat crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using eliglustat.
Take eliglustat exactly as prescribed.
Eliglustat comes in capsule form and is taken once or twice daily. Do not chew, divide, or break eliglustat capsules. Swallow capsules whole.
If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of eliglustat at the same time.
Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.
The dose your doctor recommends may be based on the following:
- the condition being treated
- your CYP 2D6 metabolizer status
- other medications you are taking
The recommended dose of eliglustat for the treatment of Gaucher disease type 1 is 84 mg twice daily in extensive metabolizers and intermediate metabolizers and 84 mg once daily in poor metabolizers.
If you take too much eliglustat, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.
Store eliglustat at room temperature.
Keep this and all medicines out of the reach of children.