Pimozide treats Tourette’s Disorder. Your heart rate and rhythm may be monitored while taking pimozide. Talk to your doctor if you notice any involuntary muscle movement.
Pimozide is a prescription medication used to treat movement and speech tics in patients with Tourette's Syndrome who have not responded to other medications. Pimozide belongs to a class of drugs known as antipsychotics, which block the effects of a certain chemical in the brain known as dopamine.
This medication comes in tablet form and is taken by mouth once at bedtime or multiple times a day. It can be taken with or without food.
Common side effects include difficulty with movement, tingling sensations, dry mouth, and constipation. Pimozide can also cause visual disturbances and drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how it affects you.
Pimozide Genetic Information
CYP2D6 is a protein in your body that is involved in the elimination of pimozide and other drugs from your body. Some patients have less of this protein in their bodies, affecting how much of the drug gets eliminated. Levels of CYP2D6 can vary greatly between individuals, and those having less of this protein are known as "poor metabolizers."
CYP2D6 testing is done to determine whether you are a poor metabolizer. If you are a poor metabolizer, the levels of pimozide in your blood can become too high. As a result you may be at an increased risk of having more side effects from pimozide.
Your doctor may adjust your dose of pimozide if you are a poor metabolizer.
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Uses of Pimozide
Pimozide is a prescription medication used to treat severe movement and speech tics in patients with Tourette's Syndrome who have responded to other medications.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Pimozide Brand Names
Pimozide may be found in some form under the following brand names:
Pimozide Drug Class
Pimozide is part of the drug class:
Side Effects of Pimozide
Serious side effects have been reported with pimozide. See the “Drug Precautions” section.
Common side effects of pimozide include:
- difficulty with movement
- tingling sensations
- dry mouth
- behavioral changes
This is not a complete list of pimozide side effects. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Especially tell your doctor if you take:
- azithromycin (Zithromax, Z-pak)
- clarithromycin (Biaxin)
- erythromycin (E.E.S., Erythrocin, E-mycin)
- moxifloxacin (Avelox)
- dofetilide (Tikosyn)
- amiodarone (Cordarone)
- sotalol (Betapace)
- citalopram (Celexa)
- escitalopram (Lexapro)
- sertraline (Zoloft)
- moxifloxacin (Avelox)
- tacrolimus (Prograf)
- ziprasidone (Geodon)
- indinavir (Crixivan)
- ritonavir (Norvir)
- chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
- droperidol (Inapsine)
- tricyclic antidepressants such as trimipramine (Surmontil), amitriptyline (Elavil), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl), protriptyline (Vivactil), and clomipramine (Anafranil)
- medications that block a protein in the body (CYP3A4) such as some macrolide antibiotics (clarithromycin, telithromycin), some HIV protease inhibitors (indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir), some HCV protease inhibitors (boceprevir, telaprevir), some azole antifungals (ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, voriconazole), conivaptan (Vaprisol), delavirdine (Rescriptor), and nefazodone (Serzone)
- medications that block a protein in the body (CYP2D6) such as quinidine (Qualaquin), fluoxetine (Prozac,Sarafem), amitriptyline (Elavil, Amitril), and paroxetine (Paxil)
This is not a complete list of pimozide interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Serious side effects have been reported with pimozide including the following:
- Tardive dyskinesia. Tardive Dyskinesia (TD) is a serious, sometimes permanent side effect reported with pimozide iand similar medications. TD includes uncontrollable movements of the face, tongue, and other parts of the body. The risk of developing TD and the chance that it will become permanent is thought to increase with the length of therapy and the overall dose taken by the patient. This condition can develop after a brief period of therapy at low doses, although this is much less common. There is no known treatment for TD, but it may go away partially or completely if therapy is stopped.
- Neuroleptic malignant syndrome. A possibly fatal condition with symptoms of muscle rigidity, altered mental status, and irregular heartbeat, or blood pressure problems. Call your doctor immediately if the person being treated develops symptoms such as high fever; stiff muscles; shaking; confusion; sweating; changes in pulse, heart rate, or blood pressure; or muscle pain and weakness. Treatment should be stopped if the person being treated has NMS.
- Leukopenia/neutropenia (a decrease in white blood cells). Your doctor may monitor your white blood cells, a type of cell that helps your body fight infection. Taking this medication may possibly lead to leukopenia/neutropenia.
Pimozide can cause drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how pimozide affects you.
Do not take pimozide if you:
- are allergic to pimozide or any of its ingredients
- have tics not associated with Tourette’s Disorder
- if you are taking itraconazole (Sporanox) or ketoconazole (Nizoral)
- If you are taking citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil), or sertraline (Zoloft)
- if you are taking clarithromycin (Biaxin), erythromycin (EES, Ery-Tab), and azithromycin (Zithromax)
- if you are taking drugs known as protease inhibitors such as indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, boceprevir, and telaprevir
- if you are taking zileuton (Zyflo) or fluvoxamine (Luvox)
- if you are taking drugs that block the protein CYP2D6. See the “Drug Interactions” section.
- have a condition known as congenital long QT syndrome
- have a history of arrhythmias
- have low blood potassium levels
- have low blood magnesium levels
Pimozide Food Interactions
Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with pimozide and lead to potentially dangerous effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.
Before taking pimozide, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:
- are allergic to pimozide or any of its ingredients
- are taking medications that may cause tics such as methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta), amphetamines (Adderall), or dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)
- have ever had long QT syndrome (a potentially serious irregular heartbeat)
- have kidney or liver problems
- if any drug you have taken in the past has lowered your white blood cells (cells that help your body fight infection)
- if you are allergic to any other antipsychotic medications
- have a history of seizures
- are taking anti-seizure medication
- if you have already tried haloperidol (Haldol) to treat your Tourette's condition
- have other heart problems
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements.
Pimozide and Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories- A,B,C,D and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.
Pimozide falls into category C. In animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication and had some babies born with problems. No well-controlled studies have been done in humans, though. Therefore, this medication may be used if the potential benefits to the mother outweigh the potential risks to the unborn child.
Pimozide and Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.
It is not known if pimozide crosses into human milk. Because many medications can cross into human milk and because of the possibility for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants with use of this medication, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or stop the use of this medication. Your doctor and you will decide if the benefits outweigh the risk of using pimozide.
Take pimozide exactly as prescribed.
Pimozide comes in tablet form and is given by mouth once or twice a day, with or without food.
It is recommended that pimozide be taken at bedtime if taken once a day.
If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose as the regular time. Do not take two doses of pimozide at the same time.
The recommended dose of pimozide for the treatment of speech and movement tics in patients with Tourette’s Syndrome is:
- Adults: starting dose of 1 to 2 mg a day by mouth in divided doses. It may be increased every other day up to 10 mg daily.
- Children (12 to 18 years old): starting dose of 0.05 mg/kg by mouth at bedtime. It may be increased every 3 days up to 10 mg per day.
If you take too much pimozide, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.
- Store pimozide at controlled room temperature between 59˚and 86˚F.
- Keep in a tight, light resistant container.
- Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.