Platinol treats certain types of cancer. Platinol can cause nausea and vomiting. Platinol may also cause the loss in ability to taste food.
Platinol is a prescription medicine used alone to treat bladder and ovarian cancer. It is also used together with other drugs to help treat testicular cancer, locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, late stage cervical cancer, malignant mesothelioma, and non-small cell lung cancer.
Platinol is in a group of drugs called platinum-containing alkylating agents. It works by slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells by affecting the DNA within cancer cells.
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Uses of Platinol
Platinol is a prescription medicine used alone to treat bladder and ovarian cancer. Platinol is also used together with other drugs to treat:
- testicular cancer
- locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
- late stage cervical cancer
- malignant mesothelioma
- non-small cell lung cancer that can not be treated with surgery
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Platinol Drug Class
Platinol is part of the drug class:
Side Effects of Platinol
Platinol may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- hair loss
- loss in ability to taste food
- dry mouth, dark urine, decreased sweating, dry skin, and other signs of dehydration
Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms call your doctor immediately:
- swelling, pain, redness, or burning at the injection site
- pain, burning, or tingling in the hands or feet
- muscle cramps
- difficulty walking
- feeling of an electric-like shock when you bend your neck forward
- sudden changes in vision, including color vision
- loss of vision
- eye pain
- chest pain or pressure
- fever, sore throat, chills, or other signs of infection
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- black and tarry stools
- red blood in stools
- bloody vomit
- vomited material that looks like coffee grounds
Platinol may cause other side effects. Talk to your doctor about the risks of taking Platinol as well as potential side effects.
Tell your doctor and pharmacist what other prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Especially tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following:
- amphotericin B (Abelcet; AmBisome; Amphotec, Fungizone Intravenous)
- anticonvulsants such as phenytoin (Dilantin)
- bumetanide (Bumex)
- ethacrynic acid (Edecrin)
- furosemide (Lasix)
- pyridoxine (Vitamin B-6).
Many other medications may also interact with Platinol, so be sure to tell your doctor about all the medications you are taking, even those that do not appear on this list.
- Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to Platinol, carboplatin (Paraplatin), any other medications, or any of the ingredients in Platinol injection. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients.
- Tell your doctor and pharmacist what other prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take.
- Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or hearing problems.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding. You should not become pregnant or breastfeed while you are receiving Platinol. If you become pregnant while receiving Platinol, call your doctor. Platinol may harm your unborn baby.
- Talk to your doctor if you plan to have any immunizations.
- Platinol can increase your chance of getting infections because it can lower the number of white blood cells in your blood.
- Platinol can increase your chance of unusual bleeding or bruising because it can lower the number of platelets in your blood.
Platinol Food Interactions
Medicines can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of Platinol there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving Platinol.
Tell your doctor:
- if you have had an allergic reaction to Platinol or similar medicines (carboplatin or oxaliplatin)
- about all the medicines you are taking or plan to take including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements
- if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Platinol can harm your unborn baby.
- if you have kidney disease
- if you have liver disease
Platinol and Pregnancy
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five categories - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy.
This medication falls into category D. Platinol may cause harm to the unborn baby. It is advisable to avoid pregnancy while on Platinol.
Platinol and Lactation
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Platinol may be excreted into human breast milk and may harm the nursing baby.
Platinol injection comes as a solution (liquid) to be injected in a vein through an IV over 6 to 8 hours by a doctor or nurse in a hospital or a medical clinic. It is usually given once every 3–4 weeks.
The dose of this medicine will be different for each patient. The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine. Platinol is injected intravenously (IV) over a 6 to 8 hour period by a doctor or a nurse in a hospital or medical clinic. It is usually given once every 3 to 4 weeks.
If Platinol is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.
Platinol FDA Warning
- Platinol should be administered under the supervision of a qualified physician experienced in the use of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Appropriate management of therapy and complications is possible only when adequate diagnostic and treatment facilities are readily available.
- Cumulative renal toxicity associated with Platinol is severe. Other major dose-related toxicities are myelosuppression, nausea and vomiting.
- Ototoxicity, which may be more pronounced in children, and is manifested by tinnitus, and/or loss of high frequency hearing and occasionally deafness, is significant.
- Anaphylactic-like reactions to Platinol have been reported. Facial edema, bronchoconstriction, tachycardia, and hypotension may occur within minutes of Platinol administration. Epinephrine, corticosteroids, and antihistamines have been effectively employed to alleviate symptoms.
- Exercise caution to prevent inadvertent Platinol overdose. Doses greater than 100 mg/m2/cycle once every 3 to 4 weeks are rarely used. Care must be taken to avoid inadvertent Platinol overdose due to confusion with carboplatin or prescribing practices that fail to differentiate daily doses from total dose per cycle.